BYZANTIUM


BYZANTIUM
BYZANTIUM
urbs Thraciae. Hanc pleraque Historia Spartanis adseribit conditam. Iustin. l. 9. c. 1. et Isidorus a Pausania rege, Claudianus a Byzante quodam non obscure exstructam vel saltem restauraram vuit: in Eutropium l. 2. v. 83. Conditor: hoc Byzas Costantmusque videbunt? Circa annum 97. Urb. Cond. In Iohantie Sarisburiensi, de nugis Curialium legitur: Cbilon Lacedaemonius iungendae societatis causâ missus Corinthum, duces et seniores popidi ludentes invenit in alea. Infectô itaque negotiô reversus est, dicens se nolle gloriam Spartanorum, quorum virtus constructô Byzantiô clarescebat, hac maculare insamiâ, ut dicerentur cum aleatoribus contraxisse societatem. Secundum Eustathium vero a Byze. Megarensium classis praefecto, exstructa est. Liberae olim conditiovis, et Ligos ante dicta. Plin. l. 4. c. 1. Mox tempore Severi munita, et silii sui Antonini Antoma vocata. Expugnata a Mahumete Tutca, A. C. 1453. magnâ prorsus Christianae religionis iacturâ. Nunc sedes est Imperii Ottomanniei. Eius meminit Ovid. Trist. l. 1. El. 9. v. 31.
Quaque tenent Ponti Byzantia litora fauces,
Hic locus est gemim ianua vasta maris.
Tacitus Annal. l. 12. c. 63. Bzyantium fertili solô, fecundôque mari. Stamboli hodie Turcis dicitur. Vide Petrum Gyllium de Topographia Constantinopoleos. Hinc Byzantiacus, Statius l. 4. Sylv. 9. v. 13.
Ant Byzantiacos colunt lacertos.
Porro Urbis descriptionem habes apud Dionem in Severo, (a quo duriter admodum habita fuit A. C. 198. Dion. l. 42.) quam Zonaras in suam Historiam de Constantino Magno descripsit; quamque Tomô 3. initiô dedit. Urbs est innutneris referta incolis, et omnium Europaeorum maxima, (unâ tantum Luteriâ exceptâ) cum portu commodissimo et percapaci. Iuxta Bospirorum Thracium inter Pontum Euxinum et Propontidem, e regione Afiae minoris. Estque triangularis, et persaepe incendiis deformata. Sed ab aliquot annis multum defecit, licet situ et aspectu pulcherrima sit>
rotius Orbis. Vide Constantinoplis, a Constantino M. enim id nomen accepit, a quo et Nova Roma dicta est: unde truncatum Stamboli Turcarum. Est etiam Indiae intra Gangem urbs. Ptol.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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